Adolf Bolm (1884-1951)
Born in Saint Petersburg, Russia, studied at Saint Petersburg's Imperial Ballet School and danced, first as a member of the corps and then as a soloist, in its affiliated company.
Artistically restive, he partnered Anna Pavlova on her first European tours and in 1909 joined Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, where he created a furor as the Chief Warrior in the Polovtsian Dances . He remained with the company until 1917, when he settled in the United States. Here his choreographic career blossomed.
He staged the first U.S. production of Le Coq d'Or and in 1922 the jazz pantomime Krazy Kat , based on the popular comic strip. He created numerous ballets for Chicago Allied Arts and in 1928 staged the world premiere of Igor Stravinsky's Apollon Musagète at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. In later years he served as ballet master of the San Francisco Opera, mounted works at the Hollywood Bowl, and choreographed for American Ballet Theatre. He died in Hollywood, California.